Biblical Presbyterian Eldership

There can be no doubt that Christ's New Testament Church steps into the shoes of the Old Testament Church — of which it is the continuation and the replacement, and the (now purely-ecclesiastical and non-political) advancement.39   Thus, also the Ruling Eldership continues in the Christian Church.

Now the New Testament Eldership of the Christian Church first seems to have developed — from its Old Testament foundations — via the Lord Christ''s commissioning of the twelve Apostles even before Calvary.   Jesus Christ had sent out those Apostles -as also the "other seventy"– two by two, in order to visit the covenant people in their homes.    Those thus and then commissioned, were accordingly the first New Testament Church "Elders."    It was they who restored the "Eldership-of-seventy" appointed by Moses but ruined by the Sanhedrin.40