Communist Eschatology: A Christian Philosophical Analysis of the Post-Capitalistic Views of Marx, Engels and Lenin – Part 1

Communism can and must be conquered. It is already cracked, as the December 1971 Sino-Soviet tensions during the Indo-Pakistani war have dramatically illustrated. But the communist wall will not easily fall of its own accord, and the indecision of the West may yet allow Russia and China to paper over the crack in their one-time monolith and to conquer yet larger areas of the free world for the cause of world communism.

Only consistent Christianity, through the power of the risen Christ and His omnipotent Spirit, can (and shall) defeat anti-Christian communism and triumph on a cosmic scale. The Church of Christ must once again live according to "all the counsel of God" (Acts 20:27). It is not sufficient for Christians, with the undoubtedly dedicated Breckinbridge, just to "preach the gospel to every creature," vital though this undoubtedly is. In addition, we must say with the more consistent Thornwell (Collected Writings, IV, p. 48-49), that Christians must also subdue the entire cosmos to the glory of God:

We may differ from Dr. Breckinbridge as to the competency of the Gospel dispensation, under augmented measures of the Spirit, to subdue the world to Christ but we are heartily at one with him as to the duty of the Church to preach the Gospel to every creature. We may differ from him as to the state of things preceding and introduced by the second advent of Christ, but we are at one with him as to the necessity of watching and praying and struggling for His coming. It is the great hope of the future, as universal evangelization is the great duty of the present…

If the Church could be aroused to a deeper sense of the glory that awaits her, she would enter with a warmer spirit into the struggles that are before her. Hope would inspire ardour. She would even now rise from the dust, and like the eagle plume her pinions for loftier flights than she has yet taken. What she wants, and what every individual Christian wants, is faith-faith in her sublime vocation, in her Divine resources, in the presence and efficacy of the Spirit that dwells in her-faith in the truth, faith in Jesus, and faith in God. With such a faith there would be no need to speculate about the future. That would speedily reveal itself. It is our unfaithfulness, our negligence and unbelief, our low and carnal aims, that retard the chariot of the Redeemer. The Bridegroom cannot come until the Bride has made herself ready. Let the Church be in earnest after greater holiness in her own members, and in faith and love undertake the conquest of the world, and she will soon settle the question whether her resources are competent to change the face of the earth (emphasis mine-N.L.).

Indeed, as the greatest of all the Reformers himself stated: "The nature of the apostolic function is clear from the command; 'Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature' (Mark xvi. 15). No fixed limits are given them [apostolic Christians-N.L.], but the WHOLE WORLD is assigned TO BE REDUCED TO OBEY CHRIST, so that by spreading the Gospel as WIDELY as they could, they might EVERY-WHERE erect His Kingdom" (John Calvin: Institutes of the Christian Religion, Book IV, chapter 3, paragraph 4).

Moreover, one not only needs to be driven forward by a cultural motive to subdue all things and a missionary motive to save all people, but also by an eschatological motive to sanctify the whole of life while optimistically awaiting the coming of God's Kingdom here on earth. "Hallowed be Thy Name! Thy Kingdom come! Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth" (Luke 11:2). Until "the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ, and He shall reign fore ever and ever" (Rev. 11:15).

Only when all three of these requirements are emphasized-God's command to "subdue the earth" (or the "Dominion Charter" of Genesis 1:26-28) and God's command to "disciple all nations" (or the "Great Commission of Matthew 28:18-20) and God's command "Thy will be done" (or the "Kingdom Vocation" of Luke 11:2)-is "all the counsel of God" (Acts 20:27) being proclaimed. For, having been baptized in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, powerfully driven ever onward by the trinitarian religious basic motive, Christians are to keep the Father's fundamental Dominion Charter and the Son's central Great Commission and the Holy Spirit's terminal Kingdom Vocation to the glory of the one true Triune God alone. And eschatologically, it is only when both the "Dominion Charter" and the "Great Commission" are obeyed that God's children will overcome the devil by the blood of the Lamb and the Word of their testimony (Rev. 12:11) by keeping the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus and by laboring for Him with comprehensive and abiding works (Rev. 14:12-13) in every field of endeavor, for: "Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God" (ICor. 10:31).

Thus saith the LORD, the Triune God: "Let Us make man in Our image, after Our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the al', and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in His Own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them: Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth" (Gen. 1:26-28).

And thus too saith the LORD, the Lord God the Father (after sin!): "When I consider Thy heavens, the works of Thy fingers, the moon and 'he stars, which Thou hast ordained; What is man, that Thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that Thou visitest him? For Thou hast made him a little lower than the angels [or: than a “divine being], and hast crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of Thy hands; Thou hast put all things under his feet" (Ps. 3:3-6).

And thus too saith the LORD, the Lord Jesus Christ: "All power is given unto Me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore. and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world" (Matt. 28:18-20).

And thus too saith the LORD, the Lord Who is the Spirit: "Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: 'Yea,' saith the Spirit, 'that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them' (Rev. 14:13). "For the testimony of Jesus is the Spirit of prophecy" (Rev. 19:10), and "the Spirit of Christ … testified beforehand … the glory that should follow" (I Pet. 1:11).

Thus saith the Lord! And therefore, thus saith too the writer of this dissertation, who desires only to become a more obedient Christian and to subject himself even more unreservedly to the ever-expanding reign of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Francis Nigel. Lee