From Circumcision to Baptism – Biblical Refutation of the Baptismal Views of Baptists and Anabaptists

  Also Professor Dr. Oscar Cullmann notes3 in his book Baptism in the New Testament that "Tertullian…was at pains to demonstrate the essential relation between the Holy Spirit and water, referring to Genesis…where it is said…the Spirit of God hovered over the waters.   This is why the Spirit from then on is bound up with water; and hence baptism…has to do with water." 

After that creation, the Triune God made mankind as His Own image.   Genesis 1:26-28. Indeed, Genesis 2:7 clarifies it was not the entire Adam who was plunged into and under the Spirit of God.   No, the Spirit came into the nostrils of Adam’s face — precisely from above.