John’s Revelation Unveiled – Part 1

Christ has made us Kings unto God, to reign on the Earth 

                                                                                                                                                                                     thereafter (Rev. 2:5,10,16,22f). They also believe that Rev. chs. 6 to 22 largely predict the 'more important' events of Church History  from the time of the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70, right down till today and tomorrow. This Historicalism is the view of the Early Church Fathers (A.D. 90-140f). In particular, it is thus the view of: the Didachee alias the Teaching of the Twelve Apostles (circa A.D. 95), the Epistle to Barnabas (ca. 100), Ignatius (107), the Epistle of Matheetees to Diognetus (130), the Shepherd of Hermas (135), Papias (140), Justin Martyr (150), Theophilus (165), Irenaeus (180), Tertullian (195f), Clement of Alexandria (200), Hippolytus (230), Origen (230), Commodian (240), Cyprian (250), Novatian (255), Dionysius (260), Victorinus (290), Lactantius (300), Methodius (305), Eusebius (325), Athanasius (350), Cyril (355), Tichonius (370), Basil (375), Gregory of Nazianzen (390), Gregory of Nyssa (395), Ambrose of Milan (400), John Chrysostom (400), Jerome (410), Sulpitius Severus (420), and Augustine of Hippo-Regius (430). Indeed, almost all Mediaeval Theologians too interpreted the Book of Revelation historicalistically. Such interpreters include: Leo the Great (460), Andreas of Caesarea (580), Gregory the Great (590), the Venerable Bede (730), Hrabanus, Walafrid Strabo, Arethas of Caesarea, Richard of St. Victor, Peter Waldo and the Waldensians, Joachim of Floris, Eberhard of Salzburg, Pierre Jean d'Olivi, Dante or Durante Alighieri, Nicholas de Lyra, Michael Cesena, John Rupescissa, Petrarch, John Milicx, John Wycliffe, Matthias of Janow, John Purvey, Walter Brute, John Huss, Nicholas de Cusa, Girolamo Savonarola, Pannonius, and Hoffmann etc. Also the Protestant Reformers were Historicalists. These include: Luther, Oecolampadius, Melanchthon, Striegel, Joye, Osiander, Bibliander, Knox, Tyndale, Hooper, Bale, Latimer, Ridley, Von Amsdorff, Flaccius Illyricus, Bullinger, Funck, Virgil Solis, Conradus, Lambert, the Geneva Bible, Jewel, Nigrinus, Chytraeus, Cranmer, Foxe, Napier, and Junius. (Though Calvin never wrote a commentary on and rarely even quoted from the Book of Revelation, it is clear that also he interpreted other apocalyptic passages like Dan. chs. 1 to 12 and II Thess. 2 historicalistically  as too did the Calvinistic Geneva Bible, the Dordt Dutch Bible, and the Westminster Confession of Faith and the Westminster Larger Catechism.) In the great seventeenth century, the Historicalist School included: James the First, Downham, Pacard, Broughton, Helvig, Brightman, Pareus, Cramer, Mede, Sibbes, the Dordt Dutch Bible, John Cotton, Goodwin, Rutherford, the Westminster Confession of Faith (8:8u & 23:4o & 25:6o), the Westminster Larger Catechism (QQ. 45f-r & 52b & 53g & 54pqr & 191c-n), the Congregationalists' Savoy Declaration (25:6), Durham, Gerhard, Roger Williams, Huit, Parker, John Owen, Tillinghast, Samuel Lee, Holyoke, Henry More, Cocceius, Witsius, Hutchinson, Calovius, Wm. Hooker, Increase Mather, Koelman, Sherwin, Samuel Mather, Alsted, Beverley, Matthew Poole, Phillipot, Harris, Jurieu, Cressener, Vitringa, Sewell, and Noyes. In the eighteenth century, the following were clearly Historicalists: Willem a Brakel, Lowth, Fleming, Cotton Mather, Brussken, Whitby, Whiston, Matthew Henry, Lampe, Huernius, Horch, Steere, Daubuz, Burnet, Sir Isaac Newton, Bomble, Van der Honert, Dudley, Pyle, Lowman, Jonathan Edwards, Heunisch, Bengel, Willison, Thomas Newton, Mayhew, Burr, Cheever, John Wesley, Bellamy, Gill, John Brown of Haddington, John Gibson, Richard Clarke, Petri, Sam. Cooper, Langdon, Purves, Brown's Self-Interpreting Bible, Dwight, Hans Wood, Benj. Gale, Thomas Scott, David Austin, Osgood, Linn, James Winthrop, George Bell, Ogden, D. Simpson, Ed. King, Valpy, Galloway, M'Corkle, Belknap, Jh. Bacon, Lacunza, and J.H. Livingston. Historicalists of the nineteenth century include: Farnham, Mitchel, Evanson, the Christian Observer, the Connecticut Evangelical Magazine, B. Johnstone, Priestley, Adam Clarke, Charles Buck's Theological Dictionary, Geo. Hales, G.S. Faber, Nott, Asa MacFarland, J. King, Romeyne, the Herald of Gospel Liberty, Elias Smith, Fuller, Jos. Lathrop, J. Morse, French, Ethan Allen, the Douay Bible, Beecher, W.F. Miller, Griffin, Robert Haldane, Prudden, Toovey, Wm. Cunninghame, A. Kinne, J. Frere, A. McLeod, J. Holmes, Boudinot, A. Armstrong, Schmucker, J.M. Mason, J. Emerson, the D'Oyly & Mant Bible, Thos. Hartwell Horne, J. Haywood, J. Bayford, A. Mason, H. Gauntlett, J. Fry, J. Wolff, the Columbia Family Bible, J.A. Brown, R. Reid, E. Cooper, J.R. Park, G. Croly, Thos. Keyworth, A. Keith, A. Campbell, W. Jones, the Millennial Harbinger, Samuel Lee, the Cottage Bible, the Protestant Vindicator, W.C. Brownlee, J. de Rozas, R. Scott, M. Habershon, I. Ashe, A.H. Burwell, E. Bickersteth, L. Gaussen, G. Junkin, Jenks's Comprehensive Bible, D. Wilson, A.L. Crandall, J.P.K. Henshaw, Hinton, El. Burdick, E.B. Elliott, D. Brown, Albert Barnes, Hengstenberg, Alford, Ebrard, J.P. Lange, Fairbairn, Dabney, Symington, Graeber, Sabel, Garnet, Huntingford, Auberlen, Christiani, Luthardt, Gray, Delacroix, U. Smith, and A. Makrakis. In the twentieth century, the Historicalist School is represented (inter alii) by: Grattan Guiness, Mauro, Miskotte, B.H. Carroll, F.W.C. Neser, W.L. Emmerson, Froom, Greijvenstein, J.H. Bavinck, Kik, Hoeksema, and F.N. Lee.