More Than One Archangel? – Who is “The Angel of the Lord”?

Rightly did Cincinnati’s Lane Theological Seminary’s Church History Professor Rev. Dr. A.C. McGiffert then comment in the Eerdmans edition of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers on Eusebius’s Church History (at its I:2:8): “Eusebius accepts the common view of the early Church that the theophanies of the Old Testament were Christophanies; that is, appearances of the Second Person of the Trinity.   [The A.D. 400f] Augustine seems to have been the first of the Fathers to take a different view, maintaining that such Christophanies were not consistent with the identity of essence between Father and Son – and that the Scriptures themselves teach that it was not the Logos but an angel that appeared to the Old Testament worthies on various occasions (compare De Trinitate III:2).   Augustine’s opinion was widely adopted [in the subsequent Romish phase of the Deformed Church], but in modern times [since the Protestant Reformation of the Deformed Church] the earlier view which Eusebius represents, has been the prevailing one.   See Hodge’s Systematic Theology I:490 and Lange’s article Theophany in Herzog.”