The Works of

Rev. Prof. Dr. F.N. Lee

Pentecostalism: New Outpouring or Ancient Heresy? – The Pagan Worship of Baal and Dionysus and Modern Pentecostalism

60.   Rev. Professor Dr. John Gray (of the University of Aberdeen) comments: “Asherah (Ugaritic ’Atrt) was the mother-goddess in the Canaanite fertility cult….   Protesting against the assimilation of the nature-cult of Canaan in its grosser external aspect, had been voiced…. The addition of 400 dervishes of Asherah are…prompted by the mention of the dervishes of Baal….   The Baal-devotee…sought on behalf of the community to promote a new effusion of life…in the fertility cult of Canaan….

61.   “A feature of Canaanite prophecy…is suggested by the case of the ecstatic.   [The mediation of the will of God in intelligible speech was the distinctive feature of Hebrew prophecy!]   The ecstatic ministers of imitative magic were naturally numerous….   A local manifestation of Baal in Lebanon, was Baal Marqad (‘Baal of the Dance’)….   Baal’s sleeping and requiring to be awakened, may refer to some ritual awakening of the god known in the fertility cult….   The dervish rites and the ecstatic behaviour [were] often indistinguishable from the conduct of a madman.”

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