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In 1861, the Southern Confederacy sought to re-establish the besieged American Union. It did so, by re-affirming and strengthening the 1787 U.S. Constitution. For that been abandoned, more and more, by the U.S. Federal Government.
In 1787, the thirteen original American States embraced a more perfect Union than that which they had established in their 1776f Articles of Confederation. That, in turn, was an elaborate extension of the 1643f New England Confederation which Massachusetts had established with Connecticut for purposes of mutual protection.